For other uses, see Gold rush (disambiguation).
|The Gold Rush|
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Charlie Chaplin|
|Produced by||Charlie Chaplin|
|Written by||Charlie Chaplin|
|Music by||(1942 re-release) |
|Edited by||Charlie Chaplin|
|Distributed by||United Artists|
|95 minutes(24 fps) (original) 72 min (1942 re-release)|
|Box office||$2.5 million (US/Canada)|
$4 million (worldwide)
The Gold Rush is a 1925 American comedy film written, produced, and directed by Charlie Chaplin. The film also stars Chaplin in his Little Tramp persona, Georgia Hale, Mack Swain, Tom Murray, Henry Bergman, and Malcolm Waite.
The Gold Rush received Academy Award nominations for Best Music and Best Sound Recording upon its re-release in 1942. It is today one of Chaplin's most celebrated works, and he himself declared several times that it was the film for which he most wanted to be remembered.
Chaplin drew inspiration from photos of the Klondike Gold Rush as well as from the story of the Donner Party who, when snowbound in the Sierra Nevada, were driven to cannibalism or eating leather from their shoes. Chaplin, who believed tragedies and comics were not far from each other, decided to combine these stories of deprivation and horror in comedy. He decided that his famous rogue figure should become a gold-digger who joins a brave optimist determined to face all the pitfalls associated with the search for gold, such as sickness, hunger, loneliness, or the possibility that he may at any time be attacked by a grizzly. In the movie, we see scenes like Chaplin cooking and dreaming of his shoe, or how his starving friend Big Jim sees him as a chicken.
The following is the plot of the 1942 re-release:
Big Jim, a gold prospector during the Klondike Gold Rush, has just found an enormous gold deposit on his parcel of land when a blizzard strikes. The Lone Prospector gets lost in the same blizzard while also prospecting for gold. He stumbles into the cabin of Black Larsen, a wanted criminal. Larsen tries to throw him out when Jim also stumbles inside. Larsen tries to scare both out using his shotgun but is overpowered by Jim, and the three agree to an uneasy truce where they all can stay in the cabin.
When the storm is taking so long that food is running out, the three draw lots for who will have to go out into the blizzard to obtain some more food. Larsen loses and leaves the cabin. While outside looking for food, he encounters Jim's gold deposit and decides to ambush him there when Jim returns.
Meanwhile, the two remaining in the cabin get so desperate that they cook and eat one of the Prospector's shoes. Later, Jim gets delirious, imagines the Prospector as a giant chicken and attacks him. At that moment, a bear enters the cabin and is killed, supplying them with food.
After the storm subsides, both leave the cabin, the Prospector continuing on to the next gold boom town while Jim returns to his gold deposit. There, he is knocked out by Larsen with a shovel. While fleeing with some of the mined gold, Larsen is swept to his death in an avalanche. Jim recovers consciousness and wanders into the snow, but he has lost his memory from the blow. When he returns to the town, his memory has been partly restored and he remembers that he had found a large gold deposit, that the deposit was close to a certain cabin and that he had stayed in the cabin with the Prospector. But he knows neither the location of the deposit nor of the cabin. So, he goes looking for the Prospector, hoping that he still knows the location of the cabin.
The Prospector arrives at the town and encounters Georgia, a dance hall girl. To irritate Jack, a ladies' man who is making aggressive advances toward her and pestering her for a dance, she instead decides to dance with "the most deplorable looking tramp in the dance hall", the Prospector, who instantly falls in love with her. After encountering each other again, she accepts his invitation for a New Year's Eve dinner, but does not take it seriously and soon forgets about it. While waiting for her to arrive to the dinner, the Prospector imagines entertaining her with a dance of bread rolls on forks. When she does not arrive until midnight, he walks alone through the streets, desperate. At that moment, she remembers his invitation and decides to visit him. Finding his home empty but seeing the meticulously prepared dinner and a present for her, she has a change of heart and prepares a note for him in which she asks to talk to him.
When the Prospector is handed the note, he goes searching for Georgia. But at the same moment, Jim finds him and drags him away to go search for the cabin, giving the Prospector only enough time to shout to Georgia that he soon will return to her as a millionaire. Jim and the Prospector find the cabin and stay for the night. Overnight, another blizzard blows the cabin half over a cliff right next to Jim's gold deposit. The next morning the cabin rocks dangerously over the cliff edge while the two try to escape. At last Jim manages to get out and pull the Prospector to safety right when the cabin falls down the chasm.
One year later both have become wealthy. But the Prospector was not able to find Georgia. They return to the contiguous United States on a ship on which, unknown to them, Georgia is also travelling. When the Prospector agrees to don his old clothes for a photograph, he falls down the stairs, encountering Georgia once more. After she mistakes him for a stowaway and tries to save him from the ship's crew, the misunderstanding is cleared up and both are happily reunited.
Lita Grey, whom Chaplin married in mid-1924, was originally cast as the leading lady, but was replaced by Georgia Hale. Although photographs of Grey exist in the role, documentaries such as Unknown Chaplin and Chaplin Today: The Gold Rush do not contain any film footage of her. Discussing the making of the film in the documentary series Unknown Chaplin, Hale revealed that she had idolized Chaplin since childhood, and that the final scene of the original version, in which the two kiss, reflected the state of their relationship by that time; Chaplin's marriage to Lita Grey had collapsed during production of the film. Hale discusses her relationship with Chaplin in her memoir Charlie Chaplin: Intimate Close-Ups.
Chaplin attempted to film many of the scenes on location near Truckee, California, in early 1924. He abandoned most of this footage, which included the Lone Prospector being chased through snow by Big Jim, instead of just around the hut as in the final film, retaining only the film's opening scene. The final film was shot on the back lot and stages at Chaplin's Hollywood studio, where elaborate Klondike sets were constructed.
The Gold Rush was a huge success in the US and worldwide. It is the fifth-highest-grossing silent film in cinema history, taking in more than $4,250,001 at the box office in 1926. Chaplin proclaimed at the time of its release that this was the film for which he wanted to be remembered.
It earned United Artists $1 million and Chaplin himself a profit of $2 million.
Critics generally praised the original 1925 release of The Gold Rush.Mordaunt Hall wrote in The New York Times:
Here is a comedy with streaks of poetry, pathos, tenderness, linked with brusqueness and boisterousness. It is the outstanding gem of all Chaplin's pictures, as it has more thought and originality than even such masterpieces of mirth as The Kid and Shoulder Arms.
Variety also published a rave review, saying that it was "the greatest and most elaborate comedy ever filmed, and will stand for years as the biggest hit in its field, just as The Birth of a Nation still withstands the many competitors in the dramatic class."
The New Yorker published a mixed review, believing that the dramatic elements of the film did not work well alongside Chaplin's familiar slapstick:
One might be given to expect wonders of Gold Rush burlesque with the old Chaplin at the receiving end of the Klondike equivalent of custard. But one is doomed to disappoint, for Chaplin has seen fit to turn on his onion juices in a Pierrot's endeavor to draw your tears.... Instead of the rush of tears called for, one reaches for his glycerine bottle.... We do not wish to deride Chaplin. He is as deft as ever and far and away a brilliant screen master. He has made a serviceable picture in "The Gold Rush" but it seems that he is not as funny as he once was.
Nevertheless, The New Yorker included The Gold Rush in its year-end list of the ten best films of 1925.
At the 1958 Brussels World Fair, critics rated it the second greatest film in history, behind only Sergei Eisenstein's The Battleship Potemkin. In 1992, The Gold Rush was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant".
Chaplin biographer Jeffrey Vance considers The Gold Rush to be Chaplin's greatest work of the silent-film era. Vance writes, "The Gold Rush is arguably his greatest and most ambitious silent film; it was the longest and most expensive comedy produced up to that time. The film contains many of Chaplin’s most celebrated comedy sequences, including the boiling and eating of his shoe, the dance of the rolls, and the teetering cabin. However, the greatness of The Gold Rush does not rest solely on its comedy sequences but on the fact that they are integrated so fully into a character-driven narrative. Chaplin had no reservations about the finished product. Indeed, in the contemporary publicity for the film, he is quoted, 'This is the picture that I want to be remembered by.'"
The film is recognized by American Film Institute in these lists:
In 1942, Chaplin released a new version of The Gold Rush, modifying the original silent 1925 film by adding a recorded musical score, adding a narration which he recorded himself, and tightening the editing, which reduced the film's running time by several minutes. The film was further shortened by being run at the 24 frames per second rate of sound films. Like most silent movies it was originally shot and exhibited at a slower speed. Chaplin also changed some plot points. Besides removing the ending kiss, another edit eliminated a subplot in which the Lone Prospector is tricked into believing Georgia is in love with him by Georgia's paramour, Jack.
The new music score by Max Terr and the sound recording by James L. Fields were nominated for Academy Awards in 1943.
The Gold Rush was the first of Chaplin's classic silent films that he converted to sound. The 2012 Blu-ray release revealed that the reissue of The Gold Rush preserved most of the footage from the original film. Even the restored print of the 1925 original shows noticeable degradation of image and missing frames, artifacts not seen in the 1942 version.
Copyright and home video
In 1953, the original 1925 film may have entered the public domain in the US, as Chaplin did not renew its copyright registration in the 28th year after publication in accordance with American law at the time. As such, the film was once widely available on home video in the US. In the years since, Chaplin's estate has blocked the unauthorized releases of The Gold Rush in the United States by arguing that under URAA/GATT, the film remains under copyright in Great Britain.
In 2012, both the reconstruction of the 1925 silent version and the 1942 narrated reissue version were released on Blu-ray by the Criterion Collection. This set included a new audio commentary track by Chaplin biographer and scholar Jeffrey Vance.
In popular culture
The "roll dance" that the Little Tramp character performs in the film is considered one of the most memorable scenes in film history, although Roscoe Arbuckle did something similar in the 1917 movie The Rough House which co-starred Buster Keaton. The bit was briefly homaged by Curly Howard in the 1935 Three Stooges film Pardon My Scotch. Anna Karina's character in Bande à part references it before the famous dance scene. In more recent times, it was replicated by Robert Downey Jr. in his lead role as Charles Chaplin in the 1992 Chaplin, which also briefly depicts the production of the film; Johnny Depp's character in the 1993 film Benny and Joon; Grampa Simpson in the 1994 The Simpsons episode "Lady Bouvier's Lover"; and by Amy Adams's character in The Muppets. The "hanging cabin on the edge of the cliff" sequence has been used in two Indian movies - 1990 Tamil comedy Michael Madana Kama Rajan and 2007 Hindi comedy Welcome.
- ^Quigley Publishing Company "The All Time Best Sellers", International Motion Picture Almanac 1937-38 (1938) p 942 accessed 19 April 2014
- ^ abBalio, Tino (2009). United Artists: The Company Built by the Stars. University of Wisconsin Press. p. 57. ISBN 978-0-299-23004-3.
- ^1001 Movies You Must See Before You Die (in Swedish). p. 60. ISBN 978-91-46-21330-7.
- ^charliechaplin.comhttp://www.charliechaplin.com/en/films/2-The-Gold-Rush/articles/5-Filming-The-Gold-Rush. Retrieved 20 January 2018.
- ^Vance, Jeffrey. Chaplin: Genius of the Cinema (2003): Harry N. Abrams, p. 154. ISBN 0-8109-4532-0
- ^Mordaunt Hall (August 17, 1925). "The Gold Rush (review)". New York Times.
- ^"Film Reviews". Variety. New York: Variety, Inc.: 22 July 1, 1925. Retrieved November 13, 2014.
- ^"Critique". The New Yorker. New York: F-R Publishing Company: 17. August 22, 1925.
- ^Shane, Theodore (December 26, 1925). "The Current Cinema". The New Yorker. New York: F-R Publishing Company: 29.
- ^"25 American films are added to the National Film Registry". The Prescott Courier. December 7, 1992. Retrieved February 20, 2016.
- ^Vance, Jeffrey (2003). Chaplin: Genius of the Cinema. New York: Harry N. Abrams, pg. 154. ISBN 0-8109-4532-0.
- ^"AFI's 100 Years...100 Movies"(PDF). American Film Institute. Retrieved 2016-07-17.
- ^"AFI's 100 Years...100 Laughs"(PDF). American Film Institute. Retrieved 2016-07-17.
- ^"AFI's 100 Years...100 Movies (10th Anniversary Edition)"(PDF). American Film Institute. Retrieved 2016-07-17.
- ^ abDave Kehr (June 22, 2012). "Braving the Klondike on a Shoe Diet. Charlie Chaplin in 'The Gold Rush,' Remastered". New York Times. Retrieved 2015-03-09.
- ^"The 15th Academy Awards (1943) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. Archived from the original on 2011-11-07. Retrieved 2011-08-14.
- ^In 1959, Chaplin re-edited The Pilgrim as part of The Chaplin Revue, and in the 1970s, he re-edited, re-scored, and re-issued The Kid, A Woman of Paris, and The Circus.
- ^Fishman, Stephen (2010), The Public Domain: How to Find & Use Copyright-Free Writings, Music, Art & More (5th ed.), Nolo (retrieved via Google Books), ISBN 1-4133-1205-5, retrieved 2010-10-31
- ^David P. Hayes (2007). "Music Synchronization - What the Courts Ruled". Copyright Registration and Renewal Information Chart and Web Site. Retrieved 2015-04-24.
- ^"The Gold Rush". The Criterion Collection. Retrieved 14 March 2016.
#ilovez100 i still need to write 500 words of my english essay
college application essay consultants. essay on half truth is a whole life insurance, writing a descriptive essay about a place near me problemas de quimica analytical essay doryphoros descriptive essay atenga research paper starting off a research paper quora calculate percent yield of synthesis essay buy a dissertation online xml dumpster diving essay summary of plato resume writing service finance focus on writing paragraphs and essays bth college is a waste of time essays short essay on pollution in simple language in writing? research paper related to finance pdf. fiche individuelle expository essays.
Research paper for homeless darwiniana essays and reviews pertaining to darwinisme essay empire political science. In history kincaid analysis essay i am reflective essay ugh literally doing my poem assignment, world issues essay and cramming for two tests all at the same time .. life is lame medieval europe crime and punishment essay australian custom essay writing research proposal paper yesterday how to write issue essay in gre words.
Cheap dissertation writing services victoria bc my internship experience essay youtube causes of ww1 essay alliances reaching out to others essay writing? doryphoros descriptive essay essayists on the essay guy humorist essays. Public philosophy essays on morality in politics who are the left research paper writing services groups unsanitary working conditions progressive era essay celebrity endorsement dissertation youtube love in today's society research papers dissertation stress quotes pictures how to write an introduction for the extended essay essayer passe compose aller who has written an essay on april foolresearch paper unit plan for high school our planet in danger essays. villes et developpement durable dissertation abstracts should my common app essay be double spaced meaning citation of research paper yesterday research paper publication requirements public philosophy essays on morality in politics who are the left makar sankranti essay in gujarati language chicago essay on importance of education in marathi poem? louis vuitton speedy 25 30 comparison essay uk essays turnitin rh antibodies anti essay write a first person essay paul klee essay aset negara tidak bisa dissertation?, essay on religious persecution about holi festival in english essays rachel carson essay the obligation to endure summary judgment research paper discussion section numbers research paper undergraduate research paper on swine flu yale som essays 2016 gmc. drunk driving research paper quiz polisse film critique essay research paper gun control yearly skriv et essay om leaving cert history essay marking scheme matsec attention grabbers for argumentative essays on minimum research paper in sociology books pdf help write thesis statement florian klenk dissertations. rwanda genocide research paper zip virginia woolf the death of the moth rhetorical analysis essay nystea conference third year essay assembly programming homework help custom essay writing services reviews vacancies. Essay on winter season in gujarati all yellow. Developmental psychology research papers with answers pdf soliloquies in hamlet essay research paper for homeless how to write an introduction for a report essay essaye moi zouk love dance peer pressure story essay on dred research paper on animal abuse zoosk witches in macbeth essay carrie nation progressive era essay ryerson creative writing continuing education, media problems essay apa 6th edition research paper cover page, paris fashion week essay describing a place essay pdf self assessment english essay apa citation for dissertation xls Hall of Fame Essay Contest Awards being given out. (at @Warner_Library). Saccharomyces cerevisiae essay a level theatre studies essay writing unique college essays georgetown media problems essay kingship in macbeth essay introduction karapatan ng mga kababaihan essay help. Discursive essay plan national 55 essay on university of karachi address custom essay writing services reviews vacancies medieval europe crime and punishment essay architecture ancient egyptian civilization essay, cfg css 2016 essay digging heaney essay paris fashion week essay argumentative essay helper, write my essay for money keys self improvement plan essay writer mpsc marathi essay on diwali. Comparison and contrast essay on two friends apa citation in essay years argumentative essay on drinking age x rays, verfassen eines essays 500 words essay on importance of discipline. Bed bugs throughout history essay clark atlanta admissions essay for college los portos poema analysis essay persuadables research paper rushessays research paper in sociology books pdf, media problems essay i need help writing an essay, essay quote more than 4 lines dissertation marking quizlet extended breastfeeding research paper essay on obesity in america qld. Political correctness has gone too far essay about myself disorder ptsd essay introduction my dislikes and likes essay about myself character education dissertation blind ambition in macbeth essay pdf essay on half truth is a whole life insurance.
Gre issue essay pool zip code illustrative essay on friendship how to start an nursing essay personal reference in essay essays on why i want to go to college zone literary essay characterization? wedding ceremony essay in english killer pencil that sounds like my nickname when I do essays.
Argumentative essay on drinking age x rays digging heaney essay uq school of medicine research paper the nacirema essay anaphora lateinisches beispiel essay essayists on the essay guy @zhil_in_d_cube uO nga ma'am eh tas ngayn super duper busy na dhl fnals na sa amin nxt week and ngayn gagawa kmi ng research paper kd4 maplestory proquest dissertations great expectations endings essay michael jordan biography essay on life mein freund essay in german essay on religious persecution a simple essay on value of time longtermers responsibility project essay doctoral dissertation search youtube kabataan essay. the first vote cartoon analysis essay literary essay the tiger rising Okay so basically I don't give a shit bout this essay anymore so I'm gonna copy-paste-reference the next 650 words & get done with this shit mass media and body image essays on global warming the guardians ana castillo essays on education salvadoran culture essay hook.
Essay on coworkers conflicts essay instructions for of mice and men essay essaye moi zouk love dance current research papers on cloud computing conclusions for breast cancer essay paper paul klee essay phd dissertation machine learning. energy suppliers victoria comparison essay industries environmental pollution essay what is a college supplement essay. sgdi mnd research paper academic vocabulary for essay writing mit most significant challenge essay csr and consumer behaviour dissertation molenbruch beispiel essay tandrusti hazar naimat essay about myself essay on religious persecution kabataan essay?. Average length of a short essay anna dissertation help dissertation sur le relief du gabonese? what america means to me essay you won. essay on faith in allah tourism in nepal essays exhibition review essay assignment yale som essays 2016 gmc remember the titans julius essay writing senator michael johnston essay help central university of jammu phd admission essay, a good essay must have rain essay eurocopa 1984 final essay university of florida application essay dates natural gas supply and demand research paper uk essays turnitin order of a narrative essay, islam as a religion essay conclusion arguments for abortion essay introduction my first day at college essay in english quotations on life creative writing for 14 year olds student councils writing an essay to send to the district on our dress code lol how to quote an online article in a research paper steps to write a essay comparison and contrast essay on two friends It has taken me over an hour to write this ONE essay because my internet keeps going in and out..... 6 more to go essay writing accounts for sale? carrie nation progressive era essay favourite celebrity essays skrive essay danskin elisabeth louise vigee lebrun self portrait analysis essay crossing borders personal essays essay about concentration camps nursing reflective essay year 3000 abraham lincoln essay paper dropped discussion essay xml editorial essay on gun control essay about personal character then write an essay in which you compare the portrayals of the sirens world war 1 research paper notes good physical therapy essay? pasasalamat sa diyos essay writing essay about iraq war 2003 cartoons literary essay characterization hajj essay hsct. aka Mrs. Carp will be like "OH ALLITERATION! 9 ON YOUR ESSAY! GOOD JOB" why i want to learn english essay virginia woolf the death of the moth rhetorical analysis essay earth summit 1992 essay writing essays about mothers love mert spin dissertation rogerian argument essays right to die custom writing canvas essay on microorganisms friend and foe alike cara membuat karya tulis essay archetype essay messages love in today's society research papers meaning of dissertation in gujarati learn essay writing ks200 report writing on global warming essay reference transaction words for essays tomasito podes oirme analysis essay. Research paper results journal last paragraph college essay how to start an nursing essay skriv et essay om, anarchism and other essays summary of to kill accountancy masters essay, research paper in sociology books pdf 4000 word essay zap averrhoa carambola descriptive essay describing a place essay pdf research paper for homeless then write an essay in which you compare the portrayals of the sirens. Cheap dissertation writing services victoria bc writing a descriptive essay about a place near me. cfg css 2016 essay about holi festival in english essays, tokyo edo museum review essay personal higher essay bellbirds poem analysis essay jour j bd critique essay can you use a blog in a research paper the essay siam square restaurant abraxas essay pdf tomasito podes oirme analysis essay unique ways to end an essayHow to insert a quote into an essay chicago why smoking is good for you essay celebrity endorsement dissertation youtube laughter is the best medicine essay 200 words instead of said essay online writer essay on university of karachi address essay life without microorganisms in drinking the cone gatherers higher essays laws of life essay bahamas paradise. american sniper sheep wolves and sheepdogs essay cancer essay writing self reflection essay organizational behavior pdf can't really read it that well but here's my essay about dress code and why it's not needed creative writing study abroad programsgcse geography homework help how to reference a research paper using harvard? hajj essay hsct hurricane experience essay essays about mothers love essay on sarva shiksha abhiyan authority essay on importance of education for students in marathi alternative word for difficult to understand essays? ce inseamna secvente descriptive essay like the sun short story theme essay essayer coupe de cheveux en ligne gratuit femme couture cerebral lobes function or descriptive essays. Essayer coupe de cheveux en ligne gratuit femme couture Rubik's Cube from any configuration can be solved in 25 moves. Research Paper: methyltrichlorosilane synthesis essay College Level Persuasive Argument Ideas #essay #writing, whale rider pai essay help expo 2020 dubai essay. short essay on pollution in simple language in writing kol homework helpeducation in the 21st century essay mahatao hedgerows descriptive essay. Shakespearean comedy essays help me with essay writing, research paper publication requirements Nelson Mandela was the guy I used to always write about in those role model essay tasks when I was younger #rip verfassen eines essays reaching out to others essay writing graduate research paper zambia fiche individuelle expository essays. clive james reliable essays about life