Decision making is the process of making choices by identifying a decision, gathering information, and assessing alternative resolutions.
Using a step-by-step decision-making process can help you make more deliberate, thoughtful decisions by organizing relevant information and defining alternatives. This approach increases the chances that you will choose the most satisfying alternative possible.
Download the PDF
Step 1: Identify the decision
You realize that you need to make a decision. Try to clearly define the nature of the decision you must make. This first step is very important.
Step 2: Gather relevant information
Collect some pertinent information before you make your decision: what information is needed, the best sources of information, and how to get it. This step involves both internal and external “work.” Some information is internal: you’ll seek it through a process of self-assessment. Other information is external: you’ll find it online, in books, from other people, and from other sources.
Step 3: Identify the alternatives
As you collect information, you will probably identify several possible paths of action, or alternatives. You can also use your imagination and additional information to construct new alternatives. In this step, you will list all possible and desirable alternatives.
Step 4: Weigh the evidence
Draw on your information and emotions to imagine what it would be like if you carried out each of the alternatives to the end. Evaluate whether the need identified in Step 1 would be met or resolved through the use of each alternative. As you go through this difficult internal process, you’ll begin to favor certain alternatives: those that seem to have a higher potential for reaching your goal. Finally, place the alternatives in a priority order, based upon your own value system.
Step 5: Choose among alternatives
Once you have weighed all the evidence, you are ready to select the alternative that seems to be best one for you. You may even choose a combination of alternatives. Your choice in Step 5 may very likely be the same or similar to the alternative you placed at the top of your list at the end of Step 4.
Step 6: Take action
You’re now ready to take some positive action by beginning to implement the alternative you chose in Step 5.
Step 7: Review your decision & its consequences
In this final step, consider the results of your decision and evaluate whether or not it has resolved the need you identified in Step 1. If the decision has not met the identified need, you may want to repeat certain steps of the process to make a new decision. For example, you might want to gather more detailed or somewhat different information or explore additional alternatives.
Decision Making Process Essay
Earlier we discussed all types of subject matter of ethical behavior in an organization. Remember we discussed how the owner of the company set their own code of ethical conduct for their organization. Knowing the companies values and goals can help a leader or a team to come up with a plan to make a great decision if a problem arises. Sometime in life everyone has to make an important decision that could affect the wellbeing of themselves and others. There are several steps to decision making. Majority of the steps are in total of three, but I am going to discuss six.
The six steps of the decision making process are:Step1: Define the problemStep 2: Identify available alternative solutions to the problemStep 3: Evaluate the identified alternativesStep 4: Make the decisionStep 5: Implement the decisionStep 6: Evaluate the decisionStep 1: Define the Problem:Defining the problem is the most important step of decision making. We all know this may sound simple, but its not. One way of deciding if a problem exists is to couch the problem. (Ethics resource center) You can couch the problem by asking specific questions that are describing the existing problem. This is critical because how one defines a problem determines how one defines causes and where searches for solutions. (Ethics resource center)Step 2: Identify available alternatives solutions to the problem:The best way to approach this step is not to have limited alternatives. You should be opened to new and better ideas that would help the problem. This gets away from the trap of seeing both sides of the situation and limiting ones alternatives in two opposing choices; either this or that. (Ethics research center) Having two or three alternatives to choose from is hard to accept when both of the outcomes are the same. Remember there is no such thing of having too many choices in decision making. The more choices you have the better.
Step 3: Evaluate the identified alternatives:When evaluating the identified alternatives we are looking at the positive and negative outcomes. This step is where you need to collect as many facts as possible. This is why...
Loading: Checking Spelling0%