Punjab State, the Land of Five Rivers, is situated in the North Western region of India. It is the only state in India with a majority of Sikh people. The land of Punjab is very fertile. It is also known as Golden Harvests. The facts of Punjab State are:
Boundary: It is surrounded by Haryana, Rajasthan, Himachal Pradesh and Jammu & Kashmir. The Punjab province in Pakistan also surrounds Punjab.
Population: As per Census 2011, the total Population of Punjab is 27,704,236.
Land Area: The Total Land Area of Punjab is 50,362 sq. km. Punjab holds 19th rank in position as area wise.
Language: Its Official Language is Punjabi.
Literacy: Its Literacy Ratio is 76.68%
City: Chandigarh is the Capital of both the States of Punjab and Haryana. Chandigarh is a Union Territory. The largest city in Punjab is Ludhiana.
District: There are 22 districts present here.
Climate: The climate of Punjab is diverse, i.e., very cold in winters and very hot in summers.
Connectivity: Punjab has International Airport in Amritsar. Chandigarh and Ludhiana have domestic airports. Amritsar has a large railway station. Punjab is well connected with roadways, railways and airways.
Places of Interest: Chandigarh and Amritsar, the great centre of Sikh pilgrimage are the two main tourist’s attractions. The Golden Temple (or Harmandir Sahib, Durbar Sahib) in Amritsar is the most important pilgrimage destination of the Sikhs.
Festivals: Festivals such as Basant, Lohri, Teej and Baisakhi are celebrated in a large way.
Religion: More than 60% of people in Punjab is Sikhism. Other religions such as Hinduism, Islam, Buddhism, and Christianity, etc. are also present.
Agriculture and Industry: Agriculture is the backbone of Punjab. The major crops are wheat, rice and cotton. There are several food based industries. The state is the biggest producer of Wheat in India. There are several other large scale industries.
Category: States of India
The India of My Dreams
India is proud of its rich past. It was because of its riches that it was invaded innumerable times and that its wealth was plundered. The British ruled India for almost two centuries and exploited the country economically.
At the time of independence the economy of the country was shattered and there was social unrest all around. However it was time for India to write its own destiny. A lot of progress has been made on various fronts. There have been shortcomings in our planning as well as its implementation. However when we notice other countries who also achieved independence around the same time we feel we are much better placed.
Agriculture is the backbone of Indian economy. It provides employment to over 60 percent of the country workforce and it accounts for about a quarter of India’s gross domestic product. It also contributes substantially to export trade. However except for some pockets of development agriculture scene in rest of the country is dismal. The farming community is generally under debt. A large number of farmers in recent years have committed suicide because of mounting economic difficulties.
Industrial development plays a significant role in the growth process of the underdeveloped countries. It helps in raising income levels and in absorbing rural surplus labour. Prior to the nineteenth century, India was a great manufacturing country. However at the time of independence the industry was in bad shape. Industrial development started with the Second five year Plan. It has passed through different phases.
Investment from domestic and foreign market is needed for the growth of industry. With the economic liberalization from July 1991 onwards foreign direct investment has been encouraged and its has been allowed in many sectors.
India has made its mark in the service sector. It has emerged as an important Business Process Outsourcing destination. India fortunately has a large well qualified English speaking population which is needed in this kind of enterprise.
India’s population as per 1951 Census was 36 crore. In sixty years as per census 2011 the country’s population has risen to 1.21 billion. Such rapid growth of population places a huge burden on our limited resources and limited land area.
India’s literacy rate as per 1951 census was less than 20 percent. In sixty years as per Census 2011 the literacy rate has gone up to 74 percent. However even today a substantial portion of the population in our country is still illiterate. It is truly a sad reflection of the state of literacy in our country.
India has made rapid strides in many sphere. The economic condition of the people is better today than it was at the time of independence. We have made tremendous progress in science and technology. Our infrastructure is far better. A large number of universities, colleges and school have been set up. Industrialization has taken place. Better healthcare is now available especially in urban areas. Average lifespan has increased. Infant mortality rate has come down. Better employment opportunities are available to the youth of the country. Means of transportation and communication have undergone a sea change. Print and Electronic media have played a key role in creating awareness and bringing people closer.
India is the third largest English book producing country after the USA and the UK. Indo English literature is now well developed and internationally recognized. It is able to bag many international awards like Booker prize , Pulitzer prize etc. Arundhati Roy , Jhumpa Lahiri , Anita desai , Arvind Adiga , Amitav Ghosh , Chetan Bhagat , Dr. Siddhartha Mukherjee etc. are some of the important names in this field.
Despite all this progress which is commendable a lot needs to be done to improve the living conditions of agricultural and industrial labour and the people working in unorganized sectors. Steps should be taken to stop crime and violence. The misguided youth of some troubled states need to be brought in to the mainstream. Communalism, regionalism and fundamentalism need to be curbed with a long hand.
In ancient India ladies were held in high esteem. But today they are not treated well. Dowry related deaths, rape and female foeticide are very common in our society.
The condition of women needs drastic improvement. Women empowerment is the demand of a civilized society. Equal opportunities need to be given to the girl child for education and career development.
In the India of my dreams women will be held in high esteem and enjoy equal status with men in every walk of life. They will no more be pupils in the hands of men. They will enjoy equal status with men in every walk of life. Illiteracy and poverty will be rooted out. Self sufficiency will be achieved in all spheres. Dependence on other countries will be a thing of the past.
People shall have equal opportunities economically socially politically and culturally. India of my dreams would be a true democratic country without any discrimination exploitation, corruption ,nepotism ,casteism , communalism and terrorism. The India of my dreams is a country of which all Indians will be truly proud of.
Essay No. 2
India Of My Dream
India was great in ancient time. Students from China, Portugal, Japan, Greece used to come to study here. Cities of Nalanda and Taxila were Famous as educational centers. Everyone wants to see his country at climax of glory. I am not an exception. I have sweet and beautiful dreams of my country. I am a resident of India. She is my beloved motherland.
I wish that my country may rise to a great nation. She should help her neighbours and may give them the message of peace. I wish that my country should become militarily strong and be fully prepared in this nuclear age for defense. I wish that no foreign country may dare attack again, like the plundering raids of the old times. Hence, I wish she should become first rate world power in terms of military strength.
I wish that my country should become a messenger of peace in the world. India’s great culture and civilization had once spread in the far corners of the world. I wish that she should send her cultural envoys once again to spread the ancient Indian culture. I wish that India should lead the world in the field of spiritualism. I wish that our saint and seers must once again start towards those distant lands to spread our great and glorious culture.
I wish that there would be no illiterate person in India of my dream. I wish that India should introduce such system of education as should enable every citizen to earn his or her living. I wish that my government should educate each citizen. Adult education, female education and education of children should be made compulsory. I wish that India should become a highly industrialized nation. She should start cottage industries in villages and heavy industries in cities. India will make a great progress in the field of science and technology. Education will be free for all. There will be no illiteracy. Every person will enjoy free medical treatment.
I wish that our country should make great progress in science. India should make use of atomic energy for peaceful purposes. India should send rockets to the space and should advance in the field of science and make her own military requirements. We should establish big factories to produce all sorts of machines. India will have a strong army to safeguard her frontiers. She will neither commit any aggression nor tolerate any aggression.
I wish that in India there should be no poor person. As Gandhiji said, “ We have to wipe away every tear from every eye.” Freedom becomes meaningful only if we help the poor folk to rise in prosperity.
I would like to see India a great nation in the world. These are my dreams about he would be India. There would be no corruption, adulteration, ill sue of drugs and social evils. Everyone would like India his motherland and would be ready to sacrifice everything motherland.
Essay No. 03
India of My Dreams
India of my dreams is a county without poverty. I want India of Liberty, Equality and Fraternity. What is a country without freedom? what is a nation without equality?
India to – day is far from my dreams. The gulf between the rich and the poor is increasing day by day. The rich are becoming richer and the poor are becoming poorer. This is very aft from my dreams. I want a country in which nobody is poor. All people should have some type of equality in the distribution of the fruits of our land and labour.
In India to – day some people have all the fruits and so many have only thorns in their lot of life. they are driven from pillar to post. Millions do not get a square meal a day. Millions do not have proper clothes to wear. Millions do not have proper roof on their heads.
We must all work some type of equality in the country. we need some type of socialism in which the poor do not starve naked on the roads can be assured to their minimum wants and needs. Without socialism India can never be said to be a free country.
Economic inequality is the root cause of all injustices. In India of my dreams the gulf between the haves and the have-nots must be bridged. Everyone should have enough to satisfy his needs but none should have more to meet his greed’s.
In the India of my dreams people should:
“Think less of money;
Use less machinery;
Depend less upon Government;
Produce fewer Children;
Follow Religion More.”